What is the Freight Classification of My Shipment?
Without a freight classification, shippers and carriers won’t know what freight is delivering what good. Freight classification can help to determine what a shipment is delivering, size and weights of shipment, packaging requirements, and even the general cost of shipping. It’s important to know which freight classification your shipment is because you may need it for a shipping quote. However, there are a number of classifications. So, educating yourself on the various freight classifications can help make the shipping process easier.
Classifications Established by the NMFC
The NMFC, or the National Motor Freight Classification, is the system responsible for establishing the various freight classifications. The National Motor Freight Traffic Association uses it in an attempt to make identifying shipments easier. All interstate, international, and intrastate freight shipments must be identified by this freight classification standardized system.
How Freight Classification is Determined for Shipments
There are 18 classes of commodities according to the National Motor Freight Classification system. They are ranged in class from 50 to 500, ranking low to high. To determine classification, commodities are characterized according to four factors based on transportability including:
Liability: Goods characterized as perishable, damageable, or more at a higher risk for theft.
Stowability: How easily or difficult commodities stow due to size and shape.
Handling: Specifications for care due to fragility, hazardous material, or otherwise.
Density: How much the commodity weighs per each cubic foot.
Commonly Used Freight Classification
If you’re unsure what your freight classifications your commodities would fall under, you can always contact the NMFT for yourself. Commonly utilized freight classifications include:
- 50: over 50 pounds of goods packaged for shipping on a 4×4 shrink wrapped pallet
- 60: 35-50 pounds of car accessories and/or parts
- 70: 15-22.5 pounds of food, auto engines, or car parts
- 85: 12-13.5 pounds of cast iron stove or crafted machinery
- 92.5: 10.2-12 pounds of refrigerators or computer parts
- 150: 6-7 pounds of sheet metal or bookcases
- 250: 3-4 pounds of plasma televisions
- 300: 2-3 pounds of wood furniture
- 400: 1-2 pounds of deer antlers
- 500: less than 1 pound of gold dust or ping pong balls
Why do we Need Freight Classification?
Basically, freight classification just makes packing, moving, and identifying goods during transit easier. Also, they can help to ensure packed goods stay safe and free from damage. Finally, freight classification can help to quickly determine shipping cost, as classifications are by weight. So, knowing your freight classification can help when it comes to getting estimates for shipping.
Nevertheless, if you don’t know your freight classification, no worries! Here at United States of Freight, we can help you to determine the freight classification of your goods. Additionally, we can provide an estimated cost of shipping to almost anywhere in the world! We’re a freight forwarder, which means we can take care of the entire shipping process for you, from start to finish. To find out more about our services and how we can make shipping easier for you, visit our website! Otherwise, give us a call today at (888) 231-2833!